The hydrogen supply chain is costly.

 
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Production is Capital intensive

Over 90% of global hydrogen production is from steam methane reforming (SMR) at large centralized production sites. Small-scale onsite SMR is capital intensive, has issues with cyclic thermal stresses that impact reliability, and emits carbon dioxide.

 
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transportation is expensive

Over the road distribution of gaseous and liquid hydrogen by tube trailers and bulk liquid tank trucks is expensive, energy intensive, and emits carbon dioxide.

 
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electrolysis is costly

Electrolyzers have high variable and capital costs, and for most onsite applications use non-renewable grid electricity.

 

MHD Hydrogen with Cyclonic Gas Separation is the better way.