The hydrogen supply chain is costly.


Production is Capital intensive

Over 90% of global hydrogen production is from steam methane reforming (SMR) at large centralized production sites. Small-scale onsite SMR is capital intensive, has issues with cyclic thermal stresses that impact reliability, and emits carbon dioxide.


transportation is expensive

Over the road distribution of gaseous and liquid hydrogen by tube trailers and bulk liquid tank trucks is expensive, energy intensive, and emits carbon dioxide.


electrolysis is costly

Electrolyzers have high variable and capital costs, and for most onsite applications use non-renewable grid electricity.


MHD Hydrogen with Cyclonic Gas Separation is the better way.